1984 essay george orwell

1984 by George Orwell

This was not an end to dictatorship around the world; however, because Joseph Stalin controlled Russia in much the same way that Hitler had controlled Germany and Mao Zedong was in charge of China. Propaganda, fear, murder and thought control were methods that Hitler, Stalin and Mao used to gain power and to control their countries. Big Brother could easily represent Hitler, Stalin and Mao. Overall, the main methods of control in were control of education and information and over bearing system of rules. The Party wants power for its own sake.

The novel shows how the government attempts to control the minds and bodies of it citizens, such as Winston Smith who does not subscribe to their beliefs, through a variety of methods. The first obvious example arises with the large posters with the caption of "Big Brother is Watching You" Chapter 1, page 3 and 4. These are the first pieces of evidence that the government is watching over its people. However, the Party truly carefully monitors the behaviour of all of its constituents.

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Shortly afterwards we learn of another method of surveillance, the "Thought Police", who "snoop in on conversations, always watching your every move, controlling the minds and thoughts of the people. To the corrupted government, physical control is not good enough; however.

The only way to completely eliminate physical opposition is to first eliminate any mental opposition. Chapter 1, page The further the reader gets in the novel the more drastic methods of control are seen. When government lies become truths, and nobody will oppose, anything can simply become a fact. Through the control of the mind and body the government attempts and any hopes of achieving a utopian society are dashed.

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The peoples' minds are essentially not theirs' anymore. The government tells them how to think.

1984 Essay George Orwell

Conformity and this unilateral thinking throughout the entire population can have disastrous results. Morning group exercises are mandatory.


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The Party demands that all loyalty created in private be severed, and that the only acceptable loyalty is loyalty to the Party. The Party condemns sex, and brainwashes its constituents. The Party recognizes no concept of a "family" other than the collective family under rule by the Party. The Party controls everything — the past, the present, and the future — by controlling historical records, language, and even thought. The Party tortures and "vaporizes" those who harbor rebellious thoughts.

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Defying a ban on individuality, Winston dares to express his thoughts in a diary and pursues a relationship with Julia. These criminal deeds bring Winston into the eye of the opposition, who then must reform the nonconformist. Written by: George Orwell. Major Thematic Topics: mutability of the past ; the existence of fact through memory; memory; history; language ; oppression of writers.

Why Orwell’s 1984 could be about now

Major Symbols: Newspeak ; prole woman; birds; telescreens; glass paperweight. The setting of is a dystopia : an imagined world that is far worse than our own, as opposed to a utopia , which is an ideal place or state. When George Orwell wrote , the year that gives the book its title was still almost 40 years in the future.

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  8. Some of the things Orwell imagined that would come to pass were the telescreen , a TV that observes those who are watching it, and a world consisting of three megastates rather than hundreds of countries. In the novel, the country of Eastasia apparently consists of China and its satellite nations; Eurasia is the Soviet Union; and Oceania comprises the United States, the United Kingdom, and their allies. Another of Orwell's creations for is Newspeak , a form of English that the book's totalitarian government utilizes to discourage free thinking.

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